By John J. Zentner
This learn addresses the position that the air strength wing commander performs in affecting the extent of aircrew morale in the course of air strive against. This learn solutions the query: Is it attainable to spot these features of management which are capable of maintain aircrew morale within the face of important losses? First, the writer defines aircrew morale because the enthusiasm and endurance of airmen to fly wrestle missions. subsequent, the writer establishes a framework in which aircrew morale may be assessed in 3 old case stories of air strive against. the 1st case research is Adolf Galland and Jagdgeschwader 26 in the course of the conflict of england. the second one case examine is Joseph Laughlin and the 362d Fighter workforce through the invasion of France in the summertime of 1944. the ultimate case learn is James McCarthy and the forty third Strategic Wing in the course of Operation LINEBACKER II. the writer concludes that aircrew keep watch over over improvement of wrestle strategies used to be an important aspect affecting morale. Morale used to be mostly raised in every one case learn while the wing commander both displayed tactical innovation himself, or allowed his pilots or crews to develop into cutting edge. the writer recommends that the USAF take steps to switch doctrine army schooling curriculum to narrate those findings to the strive against air forces.
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This learn addresses the function that the air strength wing commander performs in affecting the extent of aircrew morale in the course of air strive against. This learn solutions the query: Is it attainable to spot these features of management which are in a position to maintain aircrew morale within the face of important losses? First, the writer defines aircrew morale because the enthusiasm and endurance of airmen to fly wrestle missions.
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Additional info for The Art of Wing Leadership: Exploring the Influences of Aircrew Morale in Combat (Cadre Paper, No. 11)
After Adolf Hitler defeated France, his next planned military goal was the conquest of the Soviet Union. Before he could turn his attention fully to the east, he needed to secure his western flank. Although Great Britain was at war with Germany, Hitler assumed that he could reach some kind of understanding with Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill. The ease with which Germany rolled up France and the Low Countries must have played a part in Hitler’s assessment of his coercive capabilities, and Hitler had never contemplated an all-out war with Britain.
Galland was a soldier. He was clear. He was decisive. He was always ready. He was an outstanding flyer and an outstanding marksman. ”63 Galland was a man of action and discipline. He did not care for the Luftwaffe political intrigue above his wing level. His skill as a fighter pilot was unquestionable. 66 But where Galland demanded much from his men, he also provided the example that he wanted them to follow. 67 Although Galland could not change Göring’s mind with respect to the bomber-escort mission, he did take immediate actions to improve pilot morale.
2. Mark T. Diebolt, “A Study of Air Force Leadership and Morale” (research study, Air Command and Staff College [ACSC], 1971), 15. The issue of formal authority is clearly the case where military officers are placed in command billets; however, powerful influences can still emanate from informal leaders within the group. 3. Frederick J. Manning, “Morale, Cohesion, and Esprit de Corps,” in Handbook of Military Psychology, eds. Reuven Gal and A. : John Wiley and Sons, 1991), 468. Manning asserts that when fighting spirit is connected too closely to small group leaders, then that spirit will wither if the commander is killed.