By Roel Rutten, Frans Boekema
The purpose of this e-book is to give a much-needed conceptualization of 'the studying region'. The editors scrutinize key thoughts and matters surrounding this phenomenon, that are then mentioned within the context of contemporary literature. This designated conceptualization of the educational zone offers a state-of-the-art exploration of theories. best students from throughout Europe, the us and South Africa draw upon a number of disciplines to provide an explanation for how neighborhood actors practice nearby studying, together with: neighborhood networks, business districts, the platforms innovation process, social capital and fiscal geography. opposite to competing theories, this research takes a relational method of the educational zone. The ebook therefore makes a speciality of studying among nearby actors and the continued relatives they've got not just with one another, but additionally with different actors of their neighborhood social context. supplying path-breaking conception improvement within the fields of innovation and local technological know-how and financial geography, this hugely unique, multidisciplinary learn will end up worthwhile for college students, teachers and researchers. local policymakers also will locate a lot to curiosity them inside this ebook.
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Extra info for The Learning Region: Foundations, State of the Art, Future
It is enforced by the authority wielded by the capofamiglia. The logic of individual labour is not predominant (Paci, 1985), nor the logic of individual survival, which makes economic ﬂuctuations relatively untraumatic for individuals (Becattini, 1987). Work, entrepreneurship and participation in NEC Italy cannot be understood by looking at the individual in the labour market, but must be analysed in terms of the individual within the family unit, in relation to labour and product markets. The eﬀects of this membership on the structure of the production system are many.
The system of values related to métier counteracts, to some extent, the accords de branche by precluding strong organizational loyalty for the worker, while the employer’s essential hostility to workers and general unwillingness to engage in on-the-job training also remains in place (Segrestin, 1985). This is as much the case in high technology industries as anywhere else, and it has led to a rather persistent inability of French high technology industries to reach the manufacturing quality and price standards of its major competitors.
The logic of American industrial development over this period has been to invent or – where the USA is not the ﬁrst mover in purely scientiﬁc or inventive terms – to commercialize production and create mass markets for new types of goods, based on the utilization of new basic technologies. Much of the debate on technological dynamism and American economic growth has centred on the relative inﬂuence of demand conditions and factor supplies. The notion that the USA has presented a special, perhaps unique, set of demand conditions for new technologies has been central to the analyses of Fishlow (1965), Rosenberg (1972) and others.