By Steven J. Zaloga
The Scud missile was once constructed because the centerpiece of Soviet plans to struggle nuclear struggle within the center of Europe. even though, it used to be by no means utilized in its meant function and has as a substitute develop into a logo of the altering nature of struggle within the aftermath of the chilly struggle. Saddam Hussein's Iraqi military have been nearly helpless within the face of the Coalition forces within the 1991 Gulf battle; the single weapon that Iraq may use to injure the Coalition forces was once its arsenal of Scud missiles. This e-book explores the improvement and editions of the missile and its release platforms, its proliferation open air of the West, and its function in conflicts all over the world.
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Additional info for Scud Ballistic Missile and Launch Systems 1955-2005 (New Vanguard, Volume 120)
Two types of mobile launchers were designed. the AI-\J\lalfed semi-trailer launcher, and the simpler AI-Nida. Four AI·Nida launchers were completed prior to tl,e Gulf War, equipping the new Brigade 223. A simple type of fixed-launch erector was also designed, and about 30 of these static launchers were deployed at airbases in the western Iraq desert, aimed at Israel. At the time of the Traqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, Brigade 224 was deployed in "Zone 4" in the western Iraqi desert as a countcrweiglll to any Israeli military action against Iraqi nuclear and missile facilities.
_____.. ----"4- -I Another characteristic of the initial production series of the 9P117 TEL was the presence of three portholes on the computation cabin in the center of the vehicle between the middle wheels. This overhead view also shows the reinforced erector assembly with its prominent hydraulic actuators. , (US DOD) F1: 9K72 ELBRUS (SS-1C SCUD B), 181ST OPERATIONAL-TACTICAL MISSILE BRIGADE, 1ST GUARDS TANK ARMY, WESTERN GROUP OF FORCES, EAST GERMANY, 1975 The 9P117M1 TEL was finished in the usual fashion for Soviet Army tactical vehicles, with olive-green camouflage paint on the body and semi-gloss black on the lower chassis frame.
Syria purchased the North Korean Hwrdsong 5 and 6, as well as new TELs. This R-17E missile launched by the Iraq Brigade 244 is seen THE SCUD AT WAR: IRAQ crashed in Saudi Arabia in 1991 after being hit by a Patriot Iraq acquired a Scud B brigade shortly after Egypt. When war broke out with Iran in 1980, Brigade 224 saw some scattered use but most strikes against rranian targets were conducted by the Iraqi air force. The Iraqi air campaign \vas one of the most inept in recent military his[Qry, and so when the ground campaign stalemated in ] 983, Brigade 224 was missile of the US Army's 3/43d Air Defense Artillery.