By R. F. Hemphill Jr., C. Difiglio (auth.), Joseph M. Colucci, Nicholas E. Gallopoulos (eds.)
In October 1975, whereas the us used to be nonetheless acutely feeling the aftermath of the 1973 Arab Oil Embargo, the final automobiles examine Laboratories held its 19th annual symposium. The lawsuits of this well timed symposium on "Future car Fuels - clients, functionality, and point of view" are said during this booklet. we are hoping that it'll serve not just as an enduring list of the papers and discussions, but in addition as a stimulus and thought for concepts, examine, and improvement within the very important box of automobile fuels. The economic climate of the us and the approach to life of her everyone is woven including strength right into a exact cloth. lowering the power content material of this textile weakens it and will even wreck it. The Oil Embargo stunningly validated how effortless it's to assault this textile, and uncovered for all to determine its maximum weaknes- reliance on imported petroleum. in view that petroleum is the one present resource of car fuels, and vehicles and vans devour approximately forty three percentage of the petroleum utilized in the USA, the Oil Embargo had its so much profound and dramatic on car transportation: First there have been lengthy traces at provider stations, impression after which idle traces in motor vehicle meeting crops and lengthy traces at unemployment workplaces. in contrast grim surroundings, we deliberate the symposium on automobile fuels for the future.
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15 shows the energy input to the utilities to generate electricity. Note that energy input is roughly 3 times as large as the energy received as electricity (previous Fig. 14). The difference between energy input and electricity sales is energy lost in generation and line losses. Growth in the electricity market is provided predominantly by nuclear energy. Coal, which historically has accounted for around half of the energy for electricity generation, increases in volume slightly through 1985 but subsequently begins to lose its share of the market.
One of the challenges over the next 15 years will he the development of western coal which is located primarily in areas of low population density and remote from energy consuming areas. S. has, within the lower 48 states, about one-third of the known economically recoverable coal reserves in the world. Fig. 13 summarizes the distribution of the U. S. coal by geographical region, mining method and sulfur content. Total coal in place, if calculations are restricted to economically recoverable seams, located at depth of 1,000 feet or less, is estimated to he about 258 billion tons.
S. S. Penner Do you have any information on the relationship between the number of cars per family and number of miles driven? Hemphill I can't answer that right now. I'd have to go hack and check it. J. W. Davison (Phillips Petroleum Company) You commented that your base-line case had a constant fuel price. Does your model have a provision for changing the price of the fuel? Hemphill Yes it does. The model wouldn't he terribly useful to us if it didn't. You can kind of sketch your own scenario as to what you think gasoline prices will he, whether they're going up or down, and then run through and see what that does to the market share and the fuel economy of the fleet.