Frontiers of History: Historical Inquiry in the Twentieth by Donald R. Kelley

By Donald R. Kelley

The third of the trilogy on historic inquiry around the ages

This booklet, the third volume of Donald Kelley’s enormous survey of Western historiography, covers the 20 th century, specifically Europe.

As within the first volumes, the writer discusses old tools and ideas of all kinds to supply a close map of old studying. the following he incorporates the survey ahead to our personal occasions, confronting without delay the demanding situations of postmodernism and historic narrative. Kelley bargains hugely unique discussions of historians of the final part century (including pals and mentors), the “linguistic turn,” the “end of history,” the philosophy of background, and diverse new equipment of histories.

The publication focuses first at the cutting-edge of heritage in France, Germany, Britain, and the United States on the eve of global conflict I. Kelley then lines each very important historiographical factor and improvement historians have encountered within the 20th century.

With the crowning glory of this trilogy, Kelley offers the one entire glossy survey of ancient writing. He offers an remarkable portrait of the wealthy number of old process besides an insider’s view of the demanding situations of taking pictures historical past at the written web page.

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Two other members of the ‘‘Ranke-Renaissance’’ deeply involved in national history were Max Lenz and Erich Marks. The latter had a ‘‘fifty-year friendship’’ with Meinecke, who in 1915 discussed the Belgian question with him, Schäfer, and Hintze, and a year later, with him and Schäfer, a possible source collection to be published by the Berlin Academy. ∞∞∞ Both Lenz and Marcks were Protestant historians, whose work started with the emergence of the great powers, in Ranke’s classic interpreta- Before the Great War 37 tion, and like Meinecke, but more radically, emphasized the agreement between the cultural and ideological sides of German history.

Archeological discoveries and attempts to interpret them in a large chronological framework extend several centuries into the European past, but, coming Before the Great War 27 thick and fast in the half-century before 1900, established both the principle of the ‘‘antiquity of man’’ and ‘‘prehistory’’ as another distinct discipline. In France the Museum of National Antiquities was founded in 1867, and in 1872, at the International Congress of Prehistory in Brussels, Guillaume de Mortillet proclaimed tertiary man (living up to 70,000,000 years ago) as a ‘‘precursor’’ of homo sapiens.

By ‘‘science’’ Bury did not mean the search for general laws but rather the philological (and more recently archeological) tradition exemplified best by the Homeric scholar F. A. Wolf, whose methods were joined and enhanced by the national exploration of the remote past according to ideas of development and were now being carried on most promisingly by British scholars. The model was the Mommsen not of the youthful History of Rome but of the Corpus Inscriptionum. By contrast Trevelyan rejected the essentially German ideal in favor of an updated version of what Bury regarded as the old ‘‘political-ethical’’ approach, which involved (though he did not put it this way) another Germanic point of view, that is, the inevitability of interpretation, as distinguished, he believed, from the misleading model of physical science.

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