From Wives to Widows in Early Modern Paris (Women and Gender by Janine M. Lanza

By Janine M. Lanza

Taking a look particularly at widows of grasp craftsmen in early glossy Paris, this examine offers research of the social and cultural buildings that formed widows' lives in addition to their day by day stories. Janine Lanza examines widows in early sleek Paris at each social and fiscal point, starting with the past due 16th century while alterations in royal legislations curtailed the flow of estate inside households as much as the time of the French Revolution. The glimpses she supplies us of widows operating companies, debating remarriage, and negotiating marriage contracts supply valuable insights into the day-by-day lives of girls during this interval. Lanza indicates that knowing widows dramatically alters our knowing of gender, not just by way of the way it used to be lived during this interval but additionally how historians can use this concept as a class of research. Her research additionally engages the historiographical factor of commercial and entrepreneurship, really women's participation on this planet of labor; and explicitly examines where of the legislations within the lived adventure of the early sleek interval. How did widowed girls use their newly got felony emancipation? How did they deal with their emotional loss? How did their roles of their households and their groups swap? How did they continue to be financially solvent with out a guy in the home? How did they make judgements that had continually been made through the boys round them? those questions all comment on the adventure of widows and at the methods girls relating to conventional buildings and ideologies during this society. Lanza's research of those ladies, the methods they have been represented and the way they skilled their widowhood, demanding situations many ancient assumptions approximately ladies and their roles with recognize to the legislation, the relatives, and fiscal task.

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In early modern France, such codes that sought to regulate behavior were recognized and accepted by the royal authority. , canon law). The term “regulatory system” acknowledges both the varied origins and roles of these overlapping rules as well as their ability to shape, and even determine, behavior. 9 Adhémar Esmein, Cours élémentaire d’histoire du droit français (Paris, 1898), pp. 719 and 749. 10 For a fuller discussion of Church law see chapter two. Law in France 25 contracts and the main determinant of property agreements remained the provisions of customary law.

When placed in this far broader context, the linguistic implications of the Edict on Second Marriages, and the outcomes of 41 Sarah Hanley, “Social Sites of Political Practice in France: Lawsuits, Civil Rights, and the Separation of Powers in Domestic and State Government, 1500–1800,” American Historical Review, 102/1 (1997): 29. In Hanley’s earlier works she used the term “FamilyState Compact” to describe the relationship among women, authority, politics, and the household as it was described in royal legislation.

To the contrary, this book provides numerous examples of successful and prosperous widows. For those who failed, physical or material conditions had fallen short. These two sections work together to show, from several different vantage points, how women and their contemporaries experienced and understood life in female-headed households. Each chapter sketches out a distinct element of the experience of widows in Old Regime France as well as the normative frame that shaped these women’s choices and actions.

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