Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 by Matthew Frank

By Matthew Frank

Expelling the Germans specializes in how Britain perceived the mass flow of German populations from Poland and Czechoslovakia on the finish of the second one global conflict. Drawing on a variety of British archival fabric, Matthew Frank examines why the British got here to treat the forcible elimination of Germans as a need, and evaluates the general public and respectable responses in Britain as soon as mass expulsion turned a truth in 1945. principal to this learn is the concept that of "population transfer": the modern concept that awkward minority difficulties can be solved rationally and constructively through removal the inhabitants involved in an orderly and sluggish demeanour, whereas averting pointless human pain and monetary disruption. Dr Frank demonstrates that whereas so much British observers permitted the primary of inhabitants move, so much have been additionally constantly uneasy with the result of placing that precept into perform. This conflict of "principle" with "practice" unearths a lot not just in regards to the barriers of Britain's function but in addition the hierarchy of British priorities in quick post-war Europe.

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Extra info for Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context (Oxford Historical Monographs)

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M. , 1991), Document 3: Summary of Memorial submitted to Peace Conference by M. Venizelos, with Commentary by British Delegation, 28 Jan. 1919, 4–5. ²³ ‘The Claims of Greece’, The Times, 15 Jan. 1919. ²⁴ Greece Before the Peace Congress of 1919: A Memorandum Dealing with the Rights of Greece, submitted by Eleutherios Venizelos, rev. trans. from French (New York, 1919), 24–5. ²⁵ FO371/7959, E10344/1052/44, Article 143 of Treaty of Sèvres [10 Aug. 1920]. 20 Population Transfer before the Second World War ‘A M O N S T RO U S LY W I C K E D A R R A N G E M E N T ’ : T H E G R E C O - T U R K I S H E XC H A N G E O F P O P U L AT I O N S A N D I TS C O N S E QU E N C E S When international delegates met in the Swiss resort of Lausanne in November 1922 to negotiate a peace treaty with Turkey for the second time in three years, it was in very different circumstances than before.

The treatment of minorities was one area where Poland was particularly vulnerable to outside criticism. ’, encl. in Hill to Ingram, 24 Jul. 1939. ⁸³ According to official statistics (1931), minorities made up around one–third of Poland’s population. See J. Rothschild, East Central Europe Between the Two World Wars (Seattle, 1974), 36. ⁸⁴ Ibid. 45. Population Transfer before the Second World War 33 that their alleged mistreatment would become the pretext for hostilities that would lead to the outbreak of the Second World War, the small German population were in the most advantageous position of all of Poland’s minorities, enjoying an enhanced socio-economic position and the protection of a neighbouring nation-state neither of which could be said of the larger Jewish or Ukrainian minorities.

A. Bramwell, ‘The Resettlement of Ethnic Germans, 1939–41’, in id. ), Refugees in the Age of Total War, 122–3. ⁴ Koehl, RKFDV, 254. ⁵ See Stuhlpfarrer, Umsiedlung Südtirol, i, 140–54; S. Döring, Die Umsiedlung der Wolhyniendeutschen in den Jahren 1939 bis 1940 (Frankfurt/Main, 2001), 67–71, 86–136; J. von Hehn, Die Umsiedlung der baltischen Deutschen (Marburg, 1982), 75–116. ⁶ A. Bohmann, Menschen und Grenzen, ii: Bevölkerung und Nationalitäten in Südosteuropa (Köln, 1969), 349–51. ⁷ W. Benz, ‘Der Generalplan Ost’, in id.

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