Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan by National Research Council (U. S.)

By National Research Council (U. S.)

Elevated agricultural productiveness is an important stepping stone at the direction out of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, yet farmers there face great demanding situations bettering construction. terrible soil, inefficient water use, and a scarcity of entry to plant breeding assets, nutritious animal feed, top of the range seed, and gasoline and electrical energy - mixed with one of the most severe environmental stipulations in the world - have made yields in crop and animal creation a long way reduce in those areas than international averages."Emerging applied sciences to learn Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia" identifies sixty rising applied sciences with the capability to noticeably increase agricultural productiveness in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Eighteen applied sciences are steered for fast improvement or extra exploration. Scientists from all backgrounds have a chance to get entangled in bringing those and different applied sciences to fruition. The possibilities advised during this ebook supply new methods which may synergize with one another and with many different actions to rework agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

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Html 26 Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia OVERVIEW OF CROP PRODUCTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA AND SOUTH ASIA High-Priority Crops As shown in Figure 2-1, there are substantial differences between the crops of SSA and the crops of SA. The major crops of the Green Revolution1—rice and wheat—still predominate in Asia. 5 million are in SA (Rice-Wheat Consortium, 2007). , 2005). The legumes that are important for nutrition are chickpea, lentil, pigeon pea, and groundnuts; they are less abundant as crops.

In addition to local radio, the growing access to the Internet and cellular phones can be used to great advantage in the regions to transform services. The people of SSA and SA can become innovators on behalf of their own farmers; the eradication of rinderpest from cattle in Africa, a process led by scientists and practitioners from the continent, attests to that. However, generating successful applications of emerging technologies for agriculture in SSA and SA will require long-term human-resource development at the technical, extension, engineering, and professional levels.

Having such a technology available should transform breeding and ease the path to the use of safer and more precisely controlled transgenic approaches to crop improvement. Spermatagonial stem cell transplantation. Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation is a way of distributing superior germplasm widely; because resources are inadequate and refrigeration requirements are difficult to meet, this capability does not now exist in developing countries. SSCs (which give rise to sperm cells) could be harvested from genetically superior males and transplanted into sires with less genetic potential.

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