By Marilyn Lake
In 1900 W. E. B. DuBois prophesied that the color line stands out as the key challenge of the twentieth-century and he later pointed out certainly one of its key dynamics: the recent faith of whiteness that was once sweeping the area. while so much historians have restrained their reports of race-relations to a countrywide framework, this booklet bargains a pioneering research of the transnational circulate of individuals and ideas, racial wisdom and applied sciences that under-pinned the development of self-styled white men's nations from South Africa, to North the USA and Australasia. Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds exhibit how within the overdue 19th century and early 20th century those nations labored in harmony to exclude these they outlined as not-white, activities that provoked a protracted overseas fight for racial equality. Their findings clarify the centrality of struggles round mobility and sovereignty to fashionable formulations of either race and human rights.
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Additional resources for Drawing the Global Colour Line: White Men's Countries and the International Challenge of Racial Equality (Critical Perspectives on Empire)
Californian politicians and newspapers referred in turn to the Queensland legislation to urge the introduction of anti-Chinese laws in deﬁance of United States Treaty obligations. In 1877, the Queensland government had introduced both an entry tax and immigration restriction on the Chinese, measures which, despite British treaty commitments, received royal assent. Californians were quick to seize on this initiative as a precedent and to question the power of international treaties to detract from citizens’ sovereign democratic rights: To hold that a nation cannot modify a treaty until it gets the consent of the other party is to admit that it had parted with a portion of its sovereignty.
Rice-eating men’, declared Australians and Californians in chorus, had neither the rights nor responsibilities of masculine ‘beef-eating’ men. International doctrines of freedom of movement thus collided with the ascendant democratic power of white manhood. 47 The elevation of manhood in the democracies on the Paciﬁc Coast was thus forged in the molten mix of global migration, class politics and a discourse on racial difference. 48 44 45 46 47 48 Daily Evening Bulletin, 10 April, 29 July 1878.
24 Modern mobilities Millions of Chinese were also recruited to work in the British, Dutch and Spanish Empires. 34 Under the terms of the Treaty of Nanking, Britain opened ﬁve Treaty Ports – Amoy, Canton, Fuzhou, Ningbo and Shanghai – and Hong Kong became a Crown colony. 35 In their pamphlet The Chinese Question in Australia, written in 1879 to defend Chinese rights of migration and settlement, Lowe Kong Meng, Cheok Hong Cheong and Louis Ah Mouy referred to the signiﬁcance of British imperial intervention.