Disease Emergence and Resurgence : the wildlife-human by Milton Friend, USGS

By Milton Friend, USGS

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Frank MacFarlane Burnet, and Dr. S. Surgeon 1950 General of the USA. Modern medicine and its associated technology, along with greater understanding of the ecology of infectious disease, has helped to combat many of the diseases that have had the greatest impacts on human health. Impres- 28 Disease Emergence and Resurgence: The Wildlife–Human Connection Dengue fever 1975 to today Lyme disease Legionnaire's disease HIV Ebola Illustration by John M. Evans The historic impacts of infectious disease on human society are incomprehensible for most individuals living in the developed nations of the world.

Zoonoses are most commonly caused by helminthes (parasitic worms) and bacterial or rickettsial disease agents. However, helminthes are by far the group of pathogens most associated with zoonoses. About 95 percent of helminth species pathogenic to humans are known to be zoonotic compared with 50 percent of bacteria and rickettsia (Fig. 3). Zoonoses and Disease Emergence Zoonoses are a prominent aspect of disease emergence. Over the past decade more than two-thirds of emerging diseases have animal origins,47 an outcome that results in A.

185−187. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1995, Reptileassociated salmonellosis—selected states, 1994−1995: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, v. 44, p. 347−350. W. 1991, An outbreak of psittacosis: Journal of Infection, v. 22, p. 71−75. , 2003, Animal chlamydioses and zoonotic implications: Journal of Comparative Pathology, v. 128, p. 217–244. , 2001, Parinaud’s oculoglandular syndrome attributable to an encounter with a wild rabbit: American Journal of Ophthalmology, v. 131, p.

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