Constructing China's Capitalism: Shanghai and the Nexus of by Daniel Buck

By Daniel Buck

Buck shines a brand new mild on China's transition to capitalism via concentrating on and interpreting the advance of networks among the city and rural factories that experience produced the neighborhood economic system of better Shanghai. those networks have included thousands of villagers into the nationwide and the worldwide economic climate. through getting within those networks and observing as their restructuring unfolds, dollar unearths hidden facets of significant alterations: China's transition from centralized making plans to marketplace economic system, the transformation of Shanghai from business to monetary heart, and a wave of privatization that has swept away the final vestiges of socialism.

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Sample text

Each sector has at most only a few different final products or brands. 9 The Shanghai refrigerator industry, with 54 listed enterprises, was the median sector with four brands: Shangling, Shuanglu, Hangtien, and Yuandong. In the bicycle industry, with 149 listed enterprises, I discovered nine brands during the 1985–95 period: Forever Bicycle, Phoenix Bicycle, Shanghai Children’s Bicycle, and Feixiang Bicycle were the most famous, but there was also Sibike (an SOE) and four very small Taiwanese ventures.

The six sectors examined here were major Shanghai industries with brand names known nationwide for quality. Shanghai bicycles and sewing machines were major brand-name consumer goods in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, declining in national importance only in the 1990s. Shanghai’s motorcycle and refrigerator sectors existed in the 1960s and 1970s, but became important from the mid-1980s until the mid-1990s. The automobile sector was insignificant until the late 1980s, but by the mid-1990s commanded more than half of the entire domestic market.

The Chinese partner was the Shanghai Tractor and Automobile Company, which redirected to the task one of its subsidiary factories, the Shanghai Motorcycle Factory, an SOE that had been making motorcycles in small batches since 1958. After the joint venture, production levels increased rapidly, from 78,249 total accumulated units in the five years from 1980 to1984 (“Xingfu zhi lu” bianzuan weiyuanhui 1994), to more than six hundred thousand in 1996 alone. indd 33 5/29/2012 10:43:48 AM 34 C ons t ruc t i ng C h i n a’s C a p i t a l i s m industry.

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