By Angus Konstam, Paul Wright
Within the early twentieth century Britain's biggest colonies confirmed their very own small naval presence, and their ships fought along the Royal military in the course of global battle I. those fleets have been improved a bit throughout the inter-war years, and in 1939 the Royal Australian military, the Royal Canadian army and the Royal New Zealand army willingly joined the struggle on behalf of the British Commonwealth. For the main half those small navies consisted of some cruisers and destroyers, designed to guard territorial waters and to guard neighborhood sea lanes. notwithstanding, those warships and their crews quickly came upon themselves thinking about an international battle, and for this reason have been referred to as upon to struggle at any place they have been wanted, opposed to the Germans, the Italians and the japanese. initially of the struggle the Royal Australian military was once the most important of those Commonwealth navies, however the difficulties of providing its wartime wishes from the a long way part of the realm hindered its enlargement. From overdue 1941 it additionally discovered itself battling a truly various conflict from the British, and located itself operating heavily with the united states army to comprise the japanese within the Pacific. right here it used to be supported by way of the smaller Royal New Zealand army - whereas either one of those Commonwealth fleets had fought with contrast within the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, it was once within the Pacific Theater that they might make their mark. Geography intended that the Royal Canadian military was once thrust into the vanguard of the conflict of the Atlantic, and whereas its fleet extended swiftly in the course of the battle, its sailors additionally earned a name for dedication, professionalism and cheerfulness which helped triumph over some of the tribulations of this gruelling naval crusade. The RCN ended the warfare because the greatest of those 3 Commonwealth fleets. This e-book tells the tale of those small cruiser forces, and the boys who served the Allied reason so good throughout the lengthy and brutal conflict at sea.
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Additional resources for Commonwealth Cruisers 1939-45
The fighting began shortly after 11pm, but despite inflicting damage on their opponents the Allied warships were simply overwhelmed. 25am, three miles off the northeastern tip of Java. Houston succumbed some 20 minutes later. 30pm, as Perth engages the destroyers on her starboard beam, just two miles away to the north. 5in Deck: 1in Turrets and Conning Tower: 1in Complement: 570 men Wartime Modifications (Leander): June 1941: Catapult and aircraft removed, four-barrelled 2-pdr ‘pom-pom’ added. October 1941: Catapult and aircraft re-installed, four-barrelled 2-pdr removed, five single 20mm guns added.
She remained out of service for the remainder of the war. Wartime Service (Canberra): Canberra spent the first months of the war patrolling home waters. In July 1940 she ventured into the Indian Ocean to hunt for German vessels, but her first encounter there was in March 1941, when she intercepted and sank two merchant vessels. After that she was used as a convoy escort, before moving to the East Indies in December. She underwent a refit in early 1942, and from June onwards she operated with the US Navy in the South Pacific.
25am, three miles off the northeastern tip of Java. Houston succumbed some 20 minutes later. 30pm, as Perth engages the destroyers on her starboard beam, just two miles away to the north. 5in Deck: 1in Turrets and Conning Tower: 1in Complement: 570 men Wartime Modifications (Leander): June 1941: Catapult and aircraft removed, four-barrelled 2-pdr ‘pom-pom’ added. October 1941: Catapult and aircraft re-installed, four-barrelled 2-pdr removed, five single 20mm guns added. January 1943: Type 273 (surface search) radar added, four single 20mm guns added, catapult and aircraft removed.