By Andrew Lintott
Cicero, one of many maximum orators of all time and a huge flesh presser on the time of the downfall of the Roman Republic, has left in his writings a first-hand view of the age of Caesar and Pompey. notwithstanding, readers have to the best way to interpret those writings and, as with every flesh presser or orator, to not think too simply what he says. This publication is a consultant to studying Cicero and a significant other to a person who's ready to take the lengthy yet profitable trip via his works. it's not in itself a biography, yet can help readers to build their very own biographies of Cicero or histories of his age.
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Extra resources for Cicero as Evidence: A Historian's Companion
77 Humbert regarded the interruptions indicated in the texts of Cicero’s speeches as genuine,78 and it is attractive to believe this. It would entail that both the interruption and the reply were recreated from memory after the event, as would have been any examination of witnesses or discussion of their evidence. An interesting example can be found in the pro Sulla. This trial de vi would have normally had a single actio. Cicero was speaking last, after Hortensius (12–14). The prosecution’s allegations did not derive so much from witness statements yet to be heard as from the evidence given during the investigation of the Catilinarian conspiracy (17, 36–9), that of C.
5 XII Tab. ii. 2 (Dig. 2. 11. 2. 3; Festus, 336 L); Lex Irnitana (Gonza´lez, 1986), chap. , no. ; Kinsey’s acceptance (1971, 104–7) of the traditional view that the hearing of a Roman civil case by a iudex was expected to be over in a calendar day (contra Metzger) inXuences his belief that Iunius was Wlibustering; the lemma from the Twelve Tables (i. 8) in Gell. 17. 2. 10, used to support this view is better applied to procedure before the praetor in iure, see RS ii. 592 V. 6 On ampliatio see Chap.
For a similar dichotomy in an earlier speech see Clu. 64. Cicero’s claim (Mil. 14) that the senate had judged that there had been a plot (insidiae) seems to be a forced interpretation of the decree of 27 Intercalary that the murder on the via Appia, the burning of the senate–house, and the attack on the house of the interrex were against the public interest (Asc. 44 C). However, the prosecutors had claimed that there had been a plot by Milo (Asc. 41 C) and this gave Cicero his opportunity. For a possible explanation of why the prosecution claimed more than they could prove see Lintott, 1974, 74–5.