By Immanuel Wallerstein
Immanuel Wallerstein's hugely influential, multi-volume opus, The smooth World-System, is one among this century's maximum works of social technological know-how. An leading edge, panoramic reinterpretation of world historical past, it lines the emergence and improvement of the trendy global from the 16th to the 20th century. This new quantity encompasses the 19th century from the innovative period of 1789 to the 1st international struggle. during this an important interval, 3 nice ideologies--conservatism, liberalism, and radicalism--emerged based on the global cultural transformation that took place whilst the French Revolution legitimized the sovereignty of the folk. Wallerstein tells how capitalists, and nice Britain, introduced relative order to the area and the way liberalism triumphed because the dominant ideology.
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Additional resources for Centrist Liberalism Triumphant, 1789-1914 (The Modern World-System, Volume 4)
At this time, the antislavery movement had a substantial “radical following” and was profiting from the general revolutionary upheaval. But the Jacobin phase of the Revolution “divided [British] abolitionist ranks” and provoked a “counter-revolutionary mobilisation,” which set back the movement. Ten years later, the abolitionist movement was able to revive within a much more conservative climate, precisely because it was seen as “not so much the most urgent, as the least controversial reform that could be undertaken” (Blackburn, 1988, 147, 295).
1950, 178, n. 10). 18 Centrist Liberalism as Ideology In the process, conservatives noted their convergence with liberals on the importance of protecting property, even though what interested them about property was primarily the fact that it represented continuity and thus served as the foundation for family life, the Church, and other social solidarities (see Nisbet, 1966, 26). ” Finally, we should not entirely neglect the third possible reduction of three to two—conservatives and socialists joining hands in opposition to liberals— even if this seems the least likely theoretically.
10 As a consequence, the Luddites united both Tory and Whig against “working-class Jacobinism” (Thomis, 1970, 174). It is not accidental that this period of affirmation of popular sovereignty and therefore of nationalism led directly to the attempt to justify the exclusion of the working class from the right to participate, on the excuse that they were not yet prepared for it. The upper strata were willing to sacrifice even their own hedonism in order to validate this argument. The eighteenth-century aristocratic culture in England had been “expansive, bucolic, and roistering,” permitting lavish entertainment, licentiousness, and alcoholism.