By Henry Pelling (auth.)
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Additional info for Britain and the Marshall Plan
He concluded: 'I shall vote for this Agreement, but I shall vote for it reluctantly ... ' It was left to back-benchers to ECA and OEEC: The First Year 37 argue that the Americans had to export their surplus to avoid a slump and, as Norman Smith put it from the Labour side, 'penetration of the British Colonial Empire is the key to the whole agreement'. S. industry', but this was ruled out of order by the Speaker. But Robert Boothby, a Conservative who had opposed the 1945 loan, indicated his support this time.
It calculated the cost of the Marshall Plan at considerably less than the CEEC had proposed - 'between $12 and 17 billions for the whole program'. 75 billion would be required in the first year. The Harriman Committee thought that the CEEC had underestimated the amount of aid required by Germany, and it proposed a larger allocation. But it also warned that the economic resources of the United States were far from unlimited. It acknowledged that the Plan should not be used as a means of imposing the 'American system Formulation and Enactment (June 1947-Apri/1948) 23 of free enterprise' on European countries.
This was in response to the pressure from Harriman, who felt that something should be done to make OEEC stronger visa-vis the national governments. 60 Meanwhile ECA in Washington was slowly settling down as a government agency. Allan Christelow, Financial Counsellor to the British Embassy in Washington, thought ECA 'a ramshackle machine even by Washington standards': the Administrator was primarily a salesman and his deputy, Howard Bruce, showed 'little capacity for or addiction to office routine'.