By Michael Frahm (auth.)
Commissioned via the overseas Ombudsman Institute (IOI), the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM) in Vienna performed a comparative analytical research on Ombudsman associations within the Australasia and Pacific zone among January 2011 and April 2012. partly 1, this ebook offers an analytical comparability of the general public region Ombudsman associations in Australia (the Commonwealth Ombudsman and the state/territory Ombudsmen of all Australian states in addition to of the Northern Territory and the ACT), the prepare dinner Islands, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Taiwan, Tonga and Vanuatu. as well as a comparative research exhibiting the partial heterogeneity of the associations, a complete evaluate of universal good points, and explorations of the specifics and peculiarities of the associations, half 2 offers separate stories at the sixteen diverse jurisdictions that includes their major capabilities as follows:
- criminal foundation, criminal prestige and company,
- Mandate, item of keep an eye on and traditional of keep an eye on,
- Powers, together with criminal caliber and influence of the results of investigative approaches,
- dating to the management, the judiciary and the legislator, and
- specific features.
Part 2 relies on details supplied through the associations themselves in questionnaires despatched out on the outset of the learn, an research of the respective constructing acts and different appropriate legislation, and on correct clinical guides and the associations’ Annual experiences. The stories additionally discuss with correct criminal provisions and comprise web pages addresses for ease of reference.
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Extra info for Australasia and Pacific Ombudsman Institutions: Mandates, Competences and Good Practice
2 Further, Institutions may “be authorized to hear and consider complaints and petitions concerning individual situations” and thus may make “recommendations to the competent authorities [. ”4 1 Paris Principles, “Competences and responsibilities”, paragraph 2. Paris Principles, “Competences and responsibilities”, paragraph 3. 3 Paris Principles, “Additional principles concerning the status of commissions with quasi-judicial competence”, introductory paragraph and d). 4 UN General Assembly Resolution 63/169, 2008, on the role of the Ombudsman, mediator and other national human rights institutions and protection of human rights, preamble; UN General Assembly Resolution 65/207, 2010, on the role of the Ombudsman, mediator and other national human rights institutions in the promotion and protection of human rights, preamble.
Strengthening the fundamental rights architecture in the EU. European Union, Luxembourg Giddings P, Sladecek V, Bueso LA (2000) The Ombudsman and human rights. In: Gregory R, Giddings P (eds) Righting wrongs. The Ombudsman in six continents. IOS, Berlin, pp 441–457 Gregory R, Giddings P (eds) (2000) Righting wrongs. The Ombudsman in six continents. IOS, Berlin Hammarberg T (2009) Ombudsmen need independence to speak out for human rights. In: Speech held at the 9th IOI world conference in Stockholm Jacoby D (1999) The future of the Ombudsman.
Cf Ombudsman Act (Queensland), s93. 2 Legal Framework 33 details of the remuneration and other conditions are not established by law, but determined by the appointment authority (Governor-General, Governor, Administrator, Chief Executive or the Queen’s Representative),55 respectively by the King (Tonga), mostly implementing the rulings of (or having referred the matter in its entirety to) the respective remuneration tribunal. In New Zealand and Samoa, the salary is determined by the country’s remuneration authority, while in Vanuatu, the President determines the amount, acting on the advice of the Council of Ministers, which in turn receives a report from the Public Service Commission.