By Marten Gerbertus Buist
The environment for this learn is mirrored within the sub-title 'Merchant bankers and diplomats at paintings. ' the purpose is to persist with the companions of their many and various actions: of their courting in the direction of one another, of their contacts with different homes and of their attitudes in the direction of govt of ficials. additionally, the writer has tried to teach the explanations for his or her advertisement and fiscal activities, the place those have been discernible. some extent of departure akin to this suggests that the surviving correspondence consti tutes the valuable resource of knowledge. Quantitative information are incorporated, yet inside of this framework their position is subsidiary. simply because this e-book is meant for varied different types of readers, it's been divided into 3 components. The introductory bankruptcy, which includes an abridged historical past of desire & Co. as much as 1815, is meant for these whose curiosity within the topic is of a extra basic nature. within the related bankruptcy, a few major topics comparable to the expansion of overseas loans within the Nether lands and the strategy in line with se of issuing loans are mentioned, and at tention is dedicated to a couple of the issues of exchange and to the query no matter if wish & Co. may be considered as retailers or as bankers. In end, an effect is given of the half performed by way of Amsterdam as a monetary centre in the course of the Napoleonic period and of the very extraordinary po sition which wish & Co. occupied at that time.
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Additional info for At Spes non Fracta: Hope & Co. 1770–1815
BONDT. l . BURL£TI'. l . DO MA. DELE. Final report of the representatives of the holders of Russian bonds, dated December [8[5. Hope decline the offer by the bondholders to share in the costs incurred THE FAMILY AND THE FIRM offered-and these could expose particular weaknesses in the system of government. Sometimes guarantees were demanded which struck at the dignity of a monarch. King Stanislaw Poniatowski, for example, refused for this reason to provide a guarantee by his heir, relating to the mortgaging of the king's personal possessions.
It is not possible to draw comparisons with Pels and Clifford for the 177os. Hogguer's turnover in this period was generally lower, although the differences were less significant than those applying to Hope. De Smeth and Muilman achieved a higher level of turnover in the 1770S than in the preceding decade, the former by a margin of 9-10 million guilders annually. In assessing these figures, however, it must be borne in mind that the 17605 were exceptionally unfavourable from De Smeth's point of view.
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