By Dr. Yoko Iyeiri
This booklet comprises 11 conscientiously chosen papers, all discussing unfavourable buildings in English. the purpose of this quantity is to assemble empirical learn into the advance of English negation and analyses of syntactic diversifications in Present-day English negation. the 1st half "Aspects of Negation within the historical past of English" contains six contributions, which specialize in the usages of the detrimental adverbs ne and not, the decline of unfavorable harmony, and the advance of the auxiliary do in negation. many of the subject matters mentioned listed below are then associated with the second one half "Aspects of Negation in Present-day English". specifically, the problem of unfavourable harmony is again and again explored by means of 3 of the 5 papers during this half, one concerning British English dialects quite often, one other to Tyneside English, and the opposite to African American Vernacular English. This ebook uniquely highlights the significance of continuity from outdated English to Present-day English, whereas, in its creation, it offers an invaluable unique survey of past experiences on English negation.
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Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Iyeiri, Yoko. 2001. Negative Constructions in Middle English. Fukuoka: Kyushu University Press. Jack, George. 1999. "Negative Contraction in Old English Verse". 133-154. Knörk, M. 1907. Die Negation in der altenglischen Dichtung. Doctoral disser tation, Königliche Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel. Negative Constructions in Old English: The Question of Cynewulf s Authorship 25 Levin, Samuel R. 1956. "Negative Contraction with Old English Verbs". D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
For the detailed survey on Middle English negative contraction, see Iyeiri (2001:157—184). 4 For "noli(te)+ infinitive" constructions, see Ogura (1988). 31 [noli] F nylle ge nylle ge nylle þu E Ne ceæro eow ne ceæro eow ne ceaero I nylle ge nylle ge nylle bu J nellen ge nellen ge nelle þu nyllað Ʒe nyllað Ʒe nyl ðu nyllyn ge nellyn Ʒe nelle þu 29 D nellen Ʒe nelle þu G nelle ge nelle ge nelle þu H nellen ge K nelle Ʒe L nelle þu nelle þu We cannot conclude, however, that E is always exceptional in the choice of words or word forms.
Thus, the developmental process should include the following four stages: (21) stage 1 [spec,CP no[... finite verb . . ]] stage 1' [spec,CP no [ finite verb . ]] stage 2 [speccp ne [ finite verb . . ]] phonological cliticization stage 3 [spec,CP [ ne+fmite verb .. ]] syntactic cliticization In Beowulf, examples representing stage 1 as well as stage 2 (or stage 3) are present as we have already seen in (3) (= stage 1) and (15) (= stage 2 or 3). Therefore, it is expected that examples representing stage V in (21), a tran sitional stage from stage 1 to stage 2, are also found in Beowulf.