By Patrick Henry Winston, Karen A. Prendergast
What's the final analysis on synthetic Intelligence? "The AI company bargains a accomplished precis of the industrial photograph, current and destiny, for synthetic Intelligence within the computing device undefined, medication, the oil undefined, and digital layout. AI's brightest and top - financiers, researchers, and clients - research present tasks, speculate on traits in manufacturing unit automation, evaluate study in Japan and the united states, and notice the professionals and cons of funding possibilities. Contents: "Expert platforms. Amplifying services with professional platforms, Randall Davis (MIT). XCON: knowledgeable Configuration process at electronic gear company, Arnold Kraft (DEC). DIPMETER consultant: knowledgeable brand research process at Schlumberger, James D. Baker (Schlumberger). CADUCEUS: An Experimental specialist approach for scientific prognosis, Harry E. Pople, Jr. (University of Pittsburgh). The Low street, the center highway, and the excessive street, John Seely Brown (Xerox). "Work and Play. Inventing the long run, Alan Kay (Atari). The Engineer's Apprentice, Aryeh Finegold (Daisy structures Corporation). The Programmer's Apprentice, Charles wealthy (MIT). clever Advisory platforms, Roger Schank (Cognitive platforms, Inc. and Yale University). traditional Language entrance Ends, Larry R. Harris (Artificial Intelligence Corporation). "Robotics. "Intelligent Robots: Connecting conception to motion, ). Michael Brady (MIT). clever Robots: relocating towards Megassembly, Philippe Villers (Automatix, Inc.). clever Robots: fantasy or fact, Paul M. Russo (GE). "Today and the following day. the issues and the Promise, Marvin Minsky (MIT). An funding chance? Frederick R. Adler (Adler & Company). Financing the longer term, William H. Janeway (F. Eberstadt& Co., Inc.) From the Blocks international to the enterprise international, Patrick H. Winston and Karen A. Prendergast (MIT). find out how to study extra.
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Extra resources for Artificial Intelligence Business: Commercial Uses of Artificial Intelligence
We expect knowledge engineering to become an important tool in Digital's software repertoire. For More Information McDermott, John, "R1: A Rule-Based Configurer of Computer Systems", Artifi~ial Intelligence, vol. 19, no. 1, 1982. McDermott, John, "R1's Formative Years," AI Magazine, vol. 2, no. 2, 1982. McDermott, John, "Domain Knowledge and the Design Process," Proceedings of 18th Design Automation Conference, Nashville, TN, 1981, Design Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, 1982. McDermott, John, "XSEL: A Computer Salesperson's Assistant," in Machine Intelligence, edited by J.
XCON's explanations are at the end, explaining why a component was used or changed. The important thing is that the explanation is somewhere. -A lot of missionary work is still needed. Since Artificial Intelligence is not yet part of management culture, there is a lot of selling to management to be done. Sitting at the Masters' Feet It is important to have a mature expert, capable of describing how he does the job. A large amount of human expertise must be captured in a typical effort. When Digital developed XCON, the knowledge engineers listened for hours to an expert telling us about his knowledge, until we thought we knew everything.
XSEL is now in the field-test stage and works with VAXes and with PDP11/23s. S. sales force. Our goal is to keep up with all future hardware and software announcements for use by both XCON and XSEL. Naturally, salespeople could be very threatened by this type of expert system. Imagine the plight of a computersystems salesperson with ten or twelve years experience, who could go to a customer or prospect and using his or her wealth of accumulated knowledge prepare the framework of a quotation with only minimal reference to technical documentation.