By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an fiscal rut via new and unique examine relating construction, help platforms, caliber upkeep, and exchange platforms of Havana and its city agricultural zone. designated recognition is given to numerous comparable parts, together with felony frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural zone. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, determination makers and people with a normal curiosity within the administration and keep watch over of the city atmosphere.
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Extra resources for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
Workshop of the Team for the Watershed Urban Agriculture Programme, Ecuador, attended by representatives from 28 organizations (December 1998). 19 AGRICULTURE IN THE CITY • Workshop 'Researching the Development of Urban Agriculture in Latin America and the Carribbean: Balancing and Optimizing Project Impacts' (Investigando el Desarrollo de la Agricultura Urbana en America Latina y el Caribe: Balance y Optimizacion de Impactos de Proyectos). San Jose, Costa Rica, May 1999. • Second General Assembly of the AGUILA Network, held in Havana, attended by more than 50 people from 10 countries (November 1999).
Today these fresh-vegetable producers' clubs are called Farmers' Groups. Year 1996 2000 Total number of plots Producers 12,200 18,300 7,944 16,869 Groups 813 850 The number of farmers' groups currently registered in the city is 850. This figure has increased since the first clubs were created even though the number of producers and the area covered have decreased over time. This is a clear sign that the farmers' groups are stronger irrespective of the number of participants involved. The average number of producers per group is between 15 and 20.
Steps towards a partial decentralization of management had been taken before within the predominantly state-owned land property system. However, the beginning of a real structural change in the agriculture-livestock production system came only with the crisis in the Cuban economy in the 1990s. The UBPCs were created when the government handed land over to people free of charge on a permanent basis, usually to field workers interested in forming a partnership as an agriculture-livestock cooperative.