By Michelle Holder
This publication analyzes the prestige and place of African American males within the U.S. hard work marketplace ahead of, in the course of, and after the nice Recession. utilizing a version of occupational crowding, the e-book outlines how the illustration of African American males in significant occupational different types virtually universally declined through the fresh recession whilst white non-Hispanic males have been in a position to keep their occupational illustration within the face of fantastic task losses. utilizing US Census Bureau facts, this e-book illustrates how African American males sought to insulate their team from devastating activity losses via expanding their academic attainment in a role industry the place employers exercised extra leverage in hiring. even if, this approach used to be not able to guard this team from disparate task losses as African American males grew to become extra marginalized within the team in the course of the nice Recession. coverage methods to deal with excessive African American male unemployment are defined within the ultimate chapter.
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Extra resources for African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great Recession
Downturns in the business cycle create an environment where occupational segregation based on race can become more severe, as employers have more latitude to indulge in discriminatory hiring practices. In addition, much of the literature on occupational segregation focuses on sorting based on gender. For example, Heidi Hartmann (1976), employing a MarxistFeminist perspective, starts with a basic question; given the sex-blind (and race-blind for that matter) characteristic of capital, how did it come to be that the US labor market became highly segregated along gender lines?
I divided the first ratio by the second ratio to determine a crowding index for either African American or white non-Hispanic men for each occupation. The 2005–2006 and 2010–2011 occupational crowding indices were compared and changes analyzed within and between both male demographic groups. AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN’S DECLINE IN LABOR MARKET STATUS... African American men were restricted to black men who classified themselves as non-Hispanics and US citizens (including naturalized citizens) in the data sets.
2011). 1 According to Darity Jr. 2 As was indicated in Chap. 2, mainstream economic theory explains discriminatory behavior from employers primarily in the following two ways:3 (1) employers have a “taste for discrimination” in which they gain economic utility for indulging in bigoted behavior and thus are still “rational” economic actors (based on the economic principle that rational behavior on the part of individuals means they seek to maximize their utility or happiness), or (2) employers use statistical discrimination, where they utilize perceived group characteristics in employment decisions which they presume is an efficient way to proceed, thus again making the behavior economically rational.