By Jean Starobinski
Pourquoi dans l. a. vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une state of affairs intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison l. a. psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, l. a. catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le proposal d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par l. a. première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs prone pour l’explication causale comme pour l. a. compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua los angeles scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui los angeles inspiration de progrès, sans laquelle los angeles réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).
L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de l. a. tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de los angeles technological know-how et l. a. protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.
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Pourquoi dans los angeles vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une scenario intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison los angeles psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, los angeles catégorie des affections réactionnelles ?
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Extra resources for Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple
These are not relevant in the sense of being evidence for some further relation Move' but as being, in part at least the material of which love consists. The sequence would include at least the following: (1) A knows B (or at least knows something of B) (2) A cares (is concerned) about B A likes B (3) A respects B A is attracted to B A feels affection for B (4) A is committed to B A wishes to see B's welfare promoted The connection between these relations which we will call 'love-comprising relations' or 'LCRs' is not, except for 'knowing about' and possibly 'Feels affection for' as tight as strict entailment.
1986); G. Ferrari, Listening to the Cicadas (Cambridge, 1987). form and Content, Philosophy and Literature 15 same questions the philosophers were discussing, if not the same answers. It therefore seemed to make sense to pursue them right there, in conversation with the philosophers, and not off in some other department—all the more since the prevailing methods and aims in literary study made literary experts not very interested in such questions. Dissent, as well, because I loved philosophy in all of its forms, and sensed that the questions would be more clearly focused, even where literature was concerned, if they were studied in a dialogue with other philosophical thought.
J. Dover's Greek Popular Morality (Oxford, 1974) is a methodologically far more adequate work, and its argument does not in any way rule out the possibility that literary works might have something to contribute to ethics studies as wholes and in their own right. But it is not that project that the book attempts. 20. K. J. " No matter who wrote this text, it is typical of approaches to that dialogue in the period I describe and, in fact, is consistent with the approach adopted by Dover himself.