By Barry Truax
This booklet attracts upon many conventional disciplines that care for particular facets of sound, and offers fabric inside an inter-disciplinary framework. It establishes a version for realizing all acoustic and aural studies either of their conventional varieties and as they've been appreciably altered during this century via expertise.
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Extra resources for Acoustic Communication (Communication, Culture, and Information Studies)
Such an environment is, by definition, balanced and well "designed," whether the design is intentional or the result of natural causes. Within the "hi-fi" environment, the listening process is characterized by interaction. One does not have to "fight" the environment to make sense of it. Rather, it invites participation and reinforces a positive relationship between the individual and the environment. The "lo-fi" environment, in contrast, seems to encourage feelings of being cut off or separated from the environment.
In experiments this ability is revealed to be effective even when the object has the thickness of a human hair (Griffin, 1959, p. §3)! The blind person's use of a tapping cane or sharp footfall achieves the same effect. Although the "hostile environments" through which we maneuver today are more likely to be heavily trafficked streets, this type of listening (which is still needed for survival) frequently includes having to block out a great deal of irrelevant information in order to hear what is important.
Most sound preferences seem to depend on learned associations. Scolding parents and the sound of the school bell are often disliked by children, though the THE LISTENER 25 latter may provoke nostalgia in later years. People in tropical countries often dislike the more violent sounds of nature, especially wild animals, because of the danger they represent, whereas natural sounds are generally the favorites in northern countries. Beyond the preferences that are common within a country, there are purely individual patterns of association based on personal experience—sounds that remind one of pleasant or unpleasant memories and therefore evoke a conditioned response.