The 2014 ASHRAE Handbook€”Refrigeration covers the refrigeration apparatus and platforms for purposes except human convenience. This quantity comprises facts and assistance on cooling, freezing, and storing foodstuff; business and scientific purposes of refrigeration; and low-temperature refrigeration; and encompasses a dual-unit CD.
CD process requisites: home windows: CD-ROM force; 1.3 GHz or speedier processor; Microsoft home windows Vista, home windows 7, or home windows eight (62-bit and 64-big); 1 GB of RAM (2 GB recommended); Microsoft web Explorer eight or greater; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or greater; 350 MB hard-disk area. Macintosh: Mac OS X v. 10.5.8 or v. 10.6.4; 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended); 415 MB hard-disk house; 800 x six hundred display answer (1024 x 768 recommended); Safari four for Mac OS X v. 10.5.8, Safari four or 5.0x for Mac OS X v. 10.6.4, Safari 6.0 for Mac OS X v. 10.7.4 or v. 10.8; Firefox; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or greater. quotation: 2014 ASHRAE Handbook
ASHRAE, based in 1894, is a world association of a few 50,000 folks. ASHRAE fulfills its venture of advancing heating, air flow, air con, and refrigeration to serve humanity and advertise a sustainable international via study, criteria writing, publishing, and carrying on with schooling.
The ASHRAE Handbooks are the layout commonplace for keep an eye on of equipped environments with volumes on platforms and kit, HVAC functions, Refrigeration and basics. every one is up-to-date each 4 years. as well as publishing layout suggestions for engineers, architects, and facility managers, we additionally put up a chain of texts for school room use.
many of the components we post in include:
-Energy Modeling and Auditing
-High functionality construction Design
-Indoor Air caliber and Environmental Quality
-Data middle strength Efficiency
-Noise & Vibration Control
-HVAC for Healthcare amenities
Read or Download 2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System PDF
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Extra resources for 2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System
31 Flash-Type Cooler Halocarbon Refrigeration Systems through the entire system and returns to the compressor as fast as it leaves. Although well-designed piping systems can handle the oil in most cases, a discharge-line oil separator can have certain advantages in some applications (see Chapter 11), such as • In systems where it is impossible to prevent substantial absorption of refrigerant in the crankcase oil during shutdown periods. When the compressor starts up with a violent foaming action, oil is thrown out at an accelerated rate, and the separator immediately returns a large portion of this oil to the crankcase.
A liquid-line strainer should be installed before each automatic valve to prevent particles from lodging on the valve seats. Where multiple expansion valves with internal strainers are used at one location, a single main liquid-line strainer will protect all of these. The liquid-line strainer can be located anywhere in the line between the condenser (or receiver) and the automatic valves, preferably near the valves for maximum protection. Strainers should trap the particle size that could affect valve operation.
Minimum Gas Velocities for Oil Transport in Risers. Minimum capacities for oil entrainment in hot-gas line risers are shown in Table 20. On multiple-compressor installations, the lowest possible system loading should be calculated and a riser size selected to give at least the minimum capacity indicated in the table for successful oil transport. In some installations with multiple compressors and with capacity control, a vertical hot-gas line, sized to transport oil at minimum load, has excessive pressure drop at maximum load.